bookmark_borderMedical Procedures Of Diagnosing Diabetes

What is diabetes? Diabetes is the metabolic disorder over the body’s inability to properly absorb and burn glucose in the blood. The process needs insulin. The most common diabetes is the Type 2 diabetes. This is the type of diabetes that is developed over time and during adulthood. Type 2 diabetics produce ineffective insulin. Type 1 diabetes is developed while the patient is still young, and in their case, their bodies do not produce enough insulin or none at all. Another type of diabetes is the gestational diabetes developed while still in the mother’s womb.

Nine out of every ten diabetics have Type 2 diabetes. Most of the causes are coming from unhealthy lifestyles and indulgence of fatty foods. The most notable complication of the Type 2 diabetes is the rare and extremely painful diabetic amyotrophy. Below are the most common contributing factors in developing the disease: Obesity, Unhealthy diet, Inactive lifestyle, Smoking, Abusive drug use, Excessive alcohol intake.

Type 2 diabetes is developed over time. Here are some symptoms that indicate the need to properly diagnosing diabetes: Excessive thirst and hunger , Unexplained fatigue, Blindness, blurring of vision, Dry mouth, Frequent urination, Uncontrollable weight loss


The timing of a cataract operation should be tailored to the individual’s visual requirements. Some will need and want their cataract removed sooner than others. For example if the person wishes to continue to drive then a cataract will need to be removed when it is still relatively mild. Early surgery may also be appropriate if the cataract is affecting the individual’s ability to perform their job safely and effectively, or if it is spoiling the enjoyment of their hobbies and past times. However if the person has less demanding visual requirements then it may be appropriate to leave the cataract until it is more advanced. The decision to operate or not should be based on the particular circumstances and wishes of each patient. There are not fixed rules about the timing of surgery.

Each individual should consider how much difficulty their cataract is causing them. Their optometrist or doctor may have spotted some cataract but if the patient is having no vision problems then surgery is probably not needed. Cataract on it own is rarely harmful to the eye. Sometimes the patient may be aware of impaired sight but can cope safely with all their needs

bookmark_borderLaser Eye Surgery Risk

Let’s not try to portray too negative an image of laser eye surgery. Undoubtedly, you will be going in with eyes wide open and aware of the risks involved and by the time you are in the operating chair, you will have weighed up all the pros and cons and will be happy with your decision. Here are some of the associated risks which could occur:

  • vision loss
  • visual symptoms
  • regular follow ups as a result of under or over treatment
  • dry eyes
  • diminishing results

Let’s examine the risks in a little more detail. Always keep in mind the success of this procedure is very high but the following can occur in some instances.

Under or over treatment is an interesting side effect and this is usually a frequent occurrence. What this means is perfect vision without the aid of visual aids only occurs in a small percentage of patients. Further post operative treatment may be required while if a patient wore glasses before the surgery, there is a strong chance they will still be required to wear them after the procedure.

Visual problems such as loss of vision and

bookmark_borderGet Rid of Leg Cramps


One of the reasons people get leg cramps is that they are overusing a particular muscle. So, if you are working on a specific task, try changing your position or using other muscle groups. If you are stationary or lying down, try to get up and stretch periodically. The key is that you don’t want your leg muscle overworked. At the same time, you don’t want your leg muscles lying idle, such as when you are sitting in a chair all day either.


Most of the time leg cramps are caused by dehydration. This one is an easy fix, but it’s something that a lot of people neglect. Try to drink plenty of water throughout the day, especially if you continue to have cramps. A lot of people don’t like drinking water, so grab a drink such as Gatorade if you don’t like the taste of water.

Hot or Cold

For those leg cramps that don’t seem to go away, a hot or cold press is sometimes needed. Take a cold towel or an ice pack and apply it to the area of the cramp. Sometimes a heat pack will work

bookmark_borderHarmful Effects of the Sun

By becoming more educated about the harmful effects of UV rays on the eyes, you will be better able to choose quality sunglasses that are capable of providing lasting protection to you from the irreversible damage to your vision that can result from prolonged exposure to the sun.

Prescription sunglasses are specially designed for people who need vision correction to see clearly while also providing protection from the sun’s rays. Many sunglass companies now make stylist, fashion-conscious sunglasses that also require a prescription.

Prescription sunglasses are designed to protect the user from the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun. However, polarized lens can provide added protection for the eyes from glare that occurs when light is reflected off flat surfaces such as water or snow. Another great choice is photo-chromatic sunglasses because they have the ability to darken in the sun yet lighten automatically when you go indoors.

Until recently prescription sunglasses were not available in a wrap-around style. The curvature of the lens would cause vision distortion. Now with new technology, prescription sunglasses are available with wrap-around making them very fashionably.

If you require custom-made prescription sunglasses, be aware that they will cost

bookmark_borderLow Vision Rehabilitation Helps

Anyone with reduced vision is visually impaired, and can have problems functioning, ranging from minor to severe difficulty. There are two general classifications of low vision in use today:

  • partially sighted – visual acuity that with conventional prescription lenses is still between 20/70 and 20/200 (a person with 20/70 eyesight must be 20 feet away to see clearly an object that a person with 20/20 eyesight can see clearly from 70 feet away);
  • legal blindness – visual acuity that cannot be corrected to better than 20/200 with conventional lenses and/or the patient has a restricted field of vision less that 20 degrees wide. (Note that some definitions of “partially sighted” include the legally blind.)

Low vision impairments take many forms and exist in varying degrees. It is important to understand that the visual acuity alone is not a good predictor of the degree of the problem a person is having. Someone with relatively good acuity (e.g., 20/40) can be having a very hard time functioning, while someone with worse acuity (e.g., 20/200) might not be having any real problems doing the things that they want to do.

The common types of low vision are:

bookmark_borderDiagnose Obesity

Your health history. The doctor reviews your weight history. He or she also looks at your previous weight-loss efforts, eating habits, what kind of other conditions you have had, stress levels, and other health issues you might be having. The doctor also looks at family history, which might indicate a predisposition to certain conditions.

Your BMI. The doctor will calculate your body mass inventory (BMI). This indicates your level of obesity. It also indicates any other health problems you might have and appropriate treatment.

Waist circumference. Fat that is stored around your waist is called visceral or abdominal fat. This may further increase your risk for diabetes and heart disease. For women, a waist measurement of more than 35 inches may indicate the possibility of greater health risks than women with smaller measurements. For men, the waist measurement is 40 inches.

General physical exam. This is a standard exam which checks your height and vital signs, such as heart rate, blood pressure, and temperature. The doctor will also listen to your lungs and heart and examine your abdomen.

Laboratory tests. What kind of tests you take depends on your health and risk factors.

bookmark_borderImportance of Sunscreen for Child

Do you remember your baby’s silk smooth skin? When your child is outdoors, the ultra-violet rays of the sun can easily damage the skin leading to wrinkles and possibly cancer in future. Always keep in mind that there is no such thing as a healthy tan because tanning is a sign of sun damage.

So quite naturally, the foremost question that may come to your mind is at what age is it right to start using sunscreen on your baby?

Prior to 6 months, it is best to avoid sunscreen usage on your baby with exception to those particular products that contain only zinc oxide as the only active ingredient. Use only on the exposed parts of your baby’s body. Additionally, use shaded clothing as the primary protection method. Regulate outdoor times by going out before 10am or after 4pm so that you can avoid the intense sun rays.

This brings us to the next question of – how much sunscreen should I use on my child and in what frequency?

Currently The Skin Cancer Foundation has not prescribed any set amount of sunscreen for growing children. As a parent, ensure that you’ve covered

bookmark_borderDiagnosing Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar diagnosis can be based be on physical exams and medical history. This is to done to rule other possible medical conditions that may have same symptoms. Reports have it that it can take up to 5 years to come up with the correct diagnosis of this condition. Then a psychiatric history and family history is done to also ensure that the symptoms are not actually caused by other mental medical conditions.

A family medical history is done because many disorders and diseases nowadays are genetic and therefore passing such diseases to people in the same family line is very easy. If a family medical record underpins a history of bipolar and other related depression disorders, then that might be the indicator of one having higher chances of having the disorder. Finally, an evaluation of the patient’s current symptoms is carried out. This is to look for any thing that may be the cause of such symptoms. If the results of the evaluation does not show any cause that may have triggered the symptoms and if there is no other psychiatric condition that indicates the symptoms, then a patient maniac or depressive symptoms can be diagnosed with

bookmark_borderDiagnosing Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

GAD is quite a difficult condition to diagnose as the line between worrying to a logical degree and pathological worrying is a subjective one to a great extent. Some health professionals may be quicker to diagnose it than others. To have GAD, the degree to which you worry needs to be inconsistent with the actual stress you have in your life. There is no specific cause to justify your anxiety – you worry about everything and everyone. A constant state of worry needs to be present for over 6 months which cannot be attributed to any of the other anxiety disorders like obsessions or panic attacks.

For GAD to be diagnosed, at least three of the following symptoms need to be present for about 6 months or more:

  • Being on edge or very restless
  • Feeling tired
  • Having difficulty with concentrating
  • Being irritable
  • Having muscle tension
  • Experiencing disturbed seep

There are often physical symptoms present as well. Sufferers have difficulty getting a good night’s sleep which could develop into insomnia. Very often, there are stomach upsets and headaches. These symptoms, both physical and mental, will have an impact on quality of life so the extent that the sufferer no longer enjoys