bookmark_borderBenefits of Biophilia

Combat the effects of urbanization

Biophilia is important today because as the contemporary world continues to become more urbanized, it has emerged that integrating Biophilic features into our day to day lives can help to combat the effects of urbanization. Biophilic components are designed to mimic patterns, colors, textures and forms of nature, which can be practical since half of the world’s population will be located in urban centers.

Improved health

Increasing biophilic elements in the workplace and at home has shown to benefit one’s health. For instance, having a large window that can offer individuals views of nature can result in improved rates of recovery from stress and faster recovery from anxiety and depression. Views of nature can also lead to increased concentration levels and it can have serious implications for healing.

Enhanced moods

Biophilia has proven effective to enhance moods. Doing something as simple as taking a walk around the neighborhood can have considerable effects on boosting your moods. Biophilia can be used alongside existing treatments to increase their effectiveness.

bookmark_borderDiagnosing Bulimia Nervosa

The Basic Physical Tests for Bulimia

During a physical exam when a physician suspects bulimia, measurements will be taken which include height, weight, and body mass index. Body temperature will be taken and vital signs including blood pressure and heart rate will be checked. The physician will also listen to the heart and lungs. The skin will also be observed for any indication of dryness or other skin conditions. An examination of the abdomen will be done and the glands will be checked for swelling.

Laboratory Tests for Bulimia

A full blood count may be done which can detect the presence of anemia or other blood deficiencies such as iron which may be due to the lack of nutrition caused by bulimia. Another blood test may be done which checks the protein and levels of electrolytes in the system which includes potassium, sodium, chloride, and bicarbonate.

Blood testing can also be used to check thyroid, liver, and kidney function. A urine sample will also be taken and a urinalysis will be done which can detect many abnormalities in the body that may be associated with bulimia.

Psychological Evaluation

A professional who specializes in mental health or a physician will do a psychological evaluation. This evaluation consists of numerous questions which will include inquiring about the individuals eating habits as well as their feelings and thoughts towards their body image or food. Questions will be asked about past eating habits and may include questions about when the symptoms of bulimia started, what the severity of the symptoms are, and how they have impacted the individuals life.

X-Rays and Other Testing

In severe cases of bulimia X-rays may be taken to check for any broken bones, heart conditions, or pneumonia. Bulimia can cause many other health related complications and a physician may order other forms of testing. The physician will evaluate the results of all the testing which has been done and determine if the individual has bulimia based on the diagnostic criteria for this disorder. The earlier bulimia is detected decreases the risk of other serious health related conditions and even death which can be caused in cases of severe bulimia.

bookmark_borderMacular Degeneration and Carbohydrates

Recent studies have concluded that other factors never before associated with the condition may also be contributing causes to the disease. Certain types of carbohydrates have conclusively been associated with the condition. Specifically, foods rich in carbohydrates that have a high glycemic index have been linked to Macular Degeneration. This factor raises the blood glucose level and is a measure of how fast the carbohydrates are metabolized. The faster the food is broken down the higher the glycemic index.

Foods made from simple carbohydrates like cake and white bread or ones that are sweetened with sugar or corn syrup metabolize very quickly pouring glucose into the system. Complex carbohydrates like fruits and vegetables break down more slowly and result in a steadier release of glucose into the system. Complex carbs are much better for timed release of energy for active people since it keeps fueling the system. It also uses the glucose as it is released thus decreasing the likelihood of having to store it in cells. This of course results in an increase in fatty tissue.

Intake of foods with a high glycemic index causes conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, vascular disease and certain types of cancers. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition has published studies correlating these foods and conditions. One such study stated that individuals that ate a lot of high glycemic index carbohydrates had as much as a 40 times greater chance of developing macular degeneration and that the severity of the condition would be worse then those that did not eat that class of food.

The theory behind the correlation between the high glycemic index carbohydrates and macular degeneration stems from it’s impact on the smaller blood vessels. High blood glucose like in diabetes weakens the cellular bonds in the blood vessel walls. This in turn weakens the vessel’s ability to maintain good blood flow thought the vessels. As a result the blood leaks out of the blood vessels resulting in damage to the surrounding tissue. In addition, the end organs are not going to get the full supply of blood. It can be compared to a garden hose that leaks water all along the hose. As a result the sprinkler will not get enough water and the grass at the end will turn brown. Also, the areas along the hose will flood damaging those parts as well.

bookmark_borderEggshell Calcium

Calcium is very abundant in our bodies. It is in our bones and our teeth. The mineral is very essential for the purposes of muscle contraction, cell formation, enzyme activity, and nerve health. For this reason, we all need calcium and it is important to meet the daily requirement of the mineral. If we do not, then our bodies end up pulling some of the calcium from our bones and teeth.

Calcium is very important for pregnant and nursing mothers. This is because of the baby formation and the fact that a lot is lost in childbirth. Since a child gets all nutrients from its mother as a fetus and during the breastfeeding phase, it is very important to ensure that they get all the necessary nutrients during this very important juncture of life.

There are many options available when you are looking for a great calcium source or a type of calcium. The best source of calcium is food because it can be accessed by the body quite easily.

One of the most inexpensive sources of calcium is eggshells. The eggshells actually have around 27 essential microelements but the main mineral is calcium carbonate. This form is quite similar to teeth and bones. Eggshell calcium increases the density of bones. It also helps with arthritic pain and can stimulate the growth of cartilages.

The best thing is the fact that you can make your own eggshell supplement at home. All you need is organic eggs. The best are ones that are straight from the farm and very fresh. When the shell is thicker, then it should tell you that you will get even more nutrients.

The main thing to do is to ensure that the eggs are washed thoroughly before they are boiled. This is aimed at killing all pathogens and bacteria that can thrive in the shells. After this, you need to dry them. To make it thorough, it may be wise to put them in the oven for a couple of minutes to ensure that it is thorough.

Once the eggshells are completely dry, you can apply a good method to ground them into powder. This powder should then be stored in a clean, dry, and airtight container. You can then use the powder as you please.

bookmark_borderMesothelioma Diagnosed

The diagnosis of mesothelioma begins with a CT or MRI scan to detect its presence and if the results show any positive sign then a biopsy is conducted. The initial scans help the doctor to view the affected area so that he can prepare a suitable plan to counter it. The doctor may do a minor operation to get a tissue sample of your lungs or other body part and run a biopsy on that. This is known as open pleural biopsy. While there are many other techniques to find the evidences of mesotheliom, experts consider pleural biopsy to be the most convincing way of diagnosing mesothelioma.

There are more than a few ways in which the doctor can perform a tissue biopsy in order to test for mesothelioma. A thoracoscopy or laparoscopy involves making a small cut and then keeping an eye over the infected area with the help of a tiny camera. Your doctor may do a needle biopsy in which a hollow needle is inserted into the chest cavity in order to collect a tissue sample which is then examined by the pathologist.

However, with open biopsy the doctor can collect a bigger tissue sample which makes diagnosis easier and even more precise which is why most physicians adhere to this technique. Once the tissue samples have been collected, a detailed examination of the cells is performed to check for malignant cells in the tissue. When all of this has been done, some more tests are performed to determine the extent of mesothelioma so that treatment can be done accordingly.

bookmark_borderNearsighted

You can become more nearsighted and need stronger glasses or contacts but when you get the new glasses or contacts you will see just as well as you did with the old pair.

A typical office visit would involve me telling the patient that they are a little more nearsighted than they were on the last visit a year ago. They will say oh no! Is that bad. I tell them getting more nearsighted is perfectly normal and I can see them relax immediately and I realize these people really were worried that something was wrong.

How many people really worry about their childs’ shoe size? Not many!

They just go and get some more shoes. Relax and enjoy life.

Astigmatism Can contacts correct astigmatism?

Only when you are wearing the contacts just like when you are wearing your glasses.

The most important thing to remember is that astigmatism is not an eye disease. Astigmatism is part of your eyeglass or contact prescription. Astigmatism means the front surface of your eye is shaped like a football and is longer in length than in width. The person who does not have astigmatism has an eye shaped like a basketball or a soccer ball and is equal in all dimensions. The football shaped eye changes the shape of what you see and that is why we correct it with glasses or contacts.

Astigmatism and nearsightedness can only be fixed permanently by surgery. Your contacts or glasses will not stop your eyes from changing as you grow. If you wear cement shoes your foot is still going to grow. Every body knows that their childs’ feet will get bigger. They just go buy larger size shoes. The only thing they worry about is how much it will cost. Astigmatism and other eyeglass problems are going to change in most children and you just have to go get regular checkups to keep up with the changes.

bookmark_borderHome Remedies to Treat the Bacterial Vaginosis

Probiotics

As far as the probiotics goes, yogurt has a lot of it. You can also choose from a variety of probiotic supplements. In a study done in 2014, it was discovered that probiotic supplements might help you with bacterial vaginosis.

All you need to do is eat probiotics on a daily basis. You can choose either the liquid or pill form of it. Most antibiotic meds kill both the good and bad bacteria. Therefore, it’s better to eat yogurt to spur on the growth of good bacteria as well.

Garlic

When it comes to antibacterial properties, garlic is on top of the list. For years, it has been used as an effective home remedy for a variety of health conditions including the bacterial vaginosis.

Hydrogen peroxide

According to a study done in 2003, you can treat bacterial vaginosis if you consume the hydrogen peroxide for one week. Just one ounce per day will be enough. As a matter of fact, hydrogen peroxide is a cost effective way of treatment. Plus, it doesn’t have a lot of side effects either.

Tea tree oil

With the powerful antifungal and antibacterial properties, tea tree oil can be used to treat the bacterial vaginosis. Many studies provide enough evidence for it.

All you need to do is dilute the tea tree oil with another type of oil, such as olive, sweet almond and coconut. Make sure you opt for a type of oil that doesn’t give you an allergic reaction. Once you have chosen one, you can mix one ounce of this carrier oil with a few drops of tea tree oil. Using it without a carrier is not a good idea.

bookmark_borderDiagnosing Children With Asthma

The methods of diagnosing your child will be different depending on how old he is. If your child is still an infant then prepare yourself for a lot of questions about his and your medical history as well as his symptoms but if your kid is more than 4 years old then it is easier to make a more precise diagnosis by the help of different tests.

There are some asthma specialists who can try to diagnose babies with asthma even if they are under 1 years of age. Even though an infant is not able to tell us about how he feels, most of the usual symptoms are clearly noticeable such as wheezing and coughing, however, there are a few problems:

  • Babies have small and weak airways, so they often suffer from respiratory illnesses which have very similar symptoms to asthma;
  • The symptoms are not the same in all asthma cases – you can even have this disease without wheezing which is usually considered as the most common sign of asthma and also you can experience wheezing without having asthma.

In short, besides the lack of testing methods, there are a lot of other factors which make this whole thing more complicated, so that is the reason why you should trust the task of diagnosing your baby to a doctor who specializes in childhood chest problems. By taking a look at the symptoms, doing physical examination and analyzing family’s medical history the specialist should be able to make a precise diagnosis. In some cases it may not be possible but you have to accept that and make sure you do everything to cure your baby’s health problems regardless if he has asthma or some other respiratory disease.

The usual methods that are used for diagnosing asthma are peak flow and respiratory tests but, unfortunately, it is almost impossible to successfully undergo these tests for children younger than 4 years of age. As your child grows older he will be able to take more precise lung function tests which can confirm if the earlier diagnosis was correct, so diagnosing asthma in pre-school children is much easier than in infants. If your child is already around 6 years old then you shouldn’t worry about a possible inaccurate diagnosis anymore.

bookmark_borderTreating Cataracts

This surgery has continued to evolve over the past several years, often leading the way for our medical colleagues. Years ago ophthalmologists were the first to utilize microsurgery techniques. The microscope came into use for the cataract surgery nearly 20 years ago. Ophthalmologists also pioneered the use of lasers for surgery.

Cataract surgery has continued to require a smaller and smaller incision over the years. About 10 years ago, the average cataract incision was nearly 11 or 12 millimeters. Now with phacoemulsification, the cataract is removed with a vibrating handpiece. This requires an incision no more than 3 millimeters (1/8 inch).

Flexible lens implants can be folded in half and can be passed through an incision nearly as small as the phacoemulsification needle itself. As the incision has shrunken, the need for sutures has diminished. In the great majority of cataract surgeries, no sutures are required.

The advantages of this new small incision surgery are quite significant. Because the wound is smaller, the eye is more stable. Therefore, the customary restrictions against bending or heavy lifting are dramatically shortened. We now tell patients that these limitations need only last 3-4 days. After this time, the patient can resume normal activity.

Another major advantage of the small incision is that it causes much less distortion of the vision. Patients have found that their vision recovers quite well in just several days.

Typically, we still wait 3-4 weeks before we order glasses to be sure that the prescription is as accurate as possible. The number of office visits required following cataract surgery has also dropped. We now see patients the first day, the first week and in 1 month following cataract surgery.

Another very significant advance in cataract surgery has been our ability to combine the small incision cataract surgery with a glaucoma procedure. This combined operation enables us to take care of both problems in certain patients. With the double operation, however, the visual recovery and necessary postoperative visits are both prolonged.

A final, very exciting advance in cataract surgery has been the use of topical anesthesia.

Previously, patients were given an injection of anesthetic agent behind the globe. This injection would paralyze the eye muscles and prevent movement of the eye. Patients tolerate this type of anesthesia very well and we give it in such a way that the injection is painless. However, very occasionally, patients can develop a small hemorrhage from the injection. Another disadvantage is that the eye has to be patched following the injection because it is anesthetized.

With topical anesthesia, we administer local anesthetic drops into the eye prior to the surgery. The drops provide very adequate anesthesia to the anterior portion of the eyeball, and the surgery can be performed pain-free. Additionally, the patient can continue to move their eye and can sometimes even help with the surgery by looking in certain directions for the surgeon. The patient does not require a patch following the procedure, and they can leave with just a pair of regular sunglasses.

bookmark_borderNo Rub No More

The reason is that silicone hydrogel lenses, while extremely healthy for your eyes, tend to attract a buildup of protein deposits. Rubbing your lenses at night will reduce this buildup and keep your lenses cleaner longer.

Even if your lenses are not silicone hydrogel, rubbing them nightly should still be part of your routine.

Have you ever read the instructions for a “No Rub” solution? They instruct you to rinse each side of each lens with a steady stream of solution for 10 seconds. That is 10 seconds times 2 sides of each lens, times 2 lenses. What they want you to do is rinse your lenses for 40 seconds with a steady stream of solution? And how much solution are they expecting you to purchase? And how many people are actually doing that?

Rubbing your lenses only takes a couple drops of solution. After washing your hands, place the lens in the palm of your hand with a small puddle of solution. Rub your lens from the center towards the outside for at least 10 seconds. Never rub your lenses in a circular motion as this can tear and warp your lenses. Then simply give the lens a quick rinse of solution and place it in your case.

Always use clean fresh solution to store your lenses and allow them to soak for at least 6 hours for optimal cleaning.

That is all there is to it. The next morning you can rest assured that the lenses you are placing back on your eyes are clean and healthy. You only get a couple of eyes in life, do everything you can to keep them healthy.